Prediction and Prevention

Prediction activities help to understand expected phenomena, especially extreme meteorological events. To achieve this goal, we use tools and sophisticated techniques are used together: applied meteorology, satellite images, weather radars, hydraulic models, etc.

Prediction tools and monitoring networks allow to implement a warning and surveillance system able to activate well in advance the civil protection machine in case of a planned event whose estimated or measured intensity exceeds the predetermined threshold of criticality in the intensity. Exceeding such thresholds will lead to the implementation of activities under the emergency planning and, in particular, those for the safety of people and properties.

A system of gathering centres is active on the Italian territory for collecting, monitoring and sharing of meteorological, hydrogeological and hydraulic data. The network of these centres is the National System for early warning and monitoring.

The management of the national alert system is provided by the Civil Protection Department and the Regions through the network of functional centres, regional structures and competence centers. Each Region shall establish procedures and methods of its own early warning system for civil protection at regional, provincial and municipal levels

 Prevention is made up of those activities for avoiding or reducing the probability of damage occurrence following a flooding, a landslide etc. Prevention activities will, therefore, adopt measures with the purpose of eliminating or diminishing expected effects on the territory.

Prevention measures may be structural or non-structural. Structural interventions consist of active or passive arranging works, which aim to reduce the danger of the event, lowering the probability of occurrence or mitigating its impact. Examples of structural interventions are the banks, the rolling tanks , the hydraulic-forestry set-ups, consolidation of slopes, etc.. Non-structural measures consist of those actions aimed at reducing damages through the introduction of constraints that prevent or limit the urban expansion in areas at risk, emergency planning, the establishment of early warning systems and monitoring networks.

Central Functional Centre for meteo-hydro and hydraulic risk