According to popular tradition, do catacombs and underground cavities make Rome safer in case of an earthquake?

According to popular tradition, catacombs and underground hollows, designed for the extraction of pozzolana, useful to the buildings, would make Rome safer in case of an earthquake. Actually, tunnels and underground cavities have no relation to the possibility that an earthquake occurs and Rome is not immune from earthquakes.
This popular belief has been passed down through the centuries, taking a cue from the ancient Aristotelian theory explaining the origin of earthquakes with the presence of twenty underground tunnels that, after colliding, caused the rupture of rocks and the resulting concussion.The presence of gas cavities would allow a way out, avoiding the outbreak of the seismic phenomenon.