The civil protection department, established for emergency relief, has developed systems over the years for forecasting and preventing phenomena for protecting the life of the citizens and the heritage of the communities. Thanks to collaboration with research bodies, institutes and groups, the Civil Protection Department has promoted studies and research to improve the knowledge of the territory, assess the extent of the phenomena and develop innovative strategies for damage containment.
The monitoring networks. A system of regional functional centres is active on the territory 24 hours a day for collecting, monitoring and sharing the meteorological, hydrogeological and hydraulic data, and other monitoring networks to detect volcanic, seismic or phenomena connected to fire hazards. In the Civil Protection Department the data arrives at a monitoring centre which has the job of collecting, checking and passing the information to the components and to the operative structures on a central and local level. The monitoring system is made up of:
• national centres of scientific research;
• technological systems of collecting and processing information on different types of risk and on the conditions that may increase the possibility of danger for the community;
• data processing centres capable of indicating the probability of catastrophic events as early as possible.
As regards this, a monitoring centre is active in the Civil Protection Department, operating 24 hours a day with the job of collecting, checking and passing the information to the components and to the operative structures on a central and local level.
The technical-scientific activity ranges from collecting information on the territory to processing it, up to interpreting the collected data according to models and simulations of events. This data makes it possible for the civil defence department to assess the situations of possible risk, to alert the intervention system in useful time and to provide the authorities with the necessary elements to make reasoned and timely decisions.
The use of technologically advanced networks – like radar networks for weather forecasting, the national seismographic network, the sophisticated systems of monitoring the activity of the volcanoes – puts the Italian Civil Protection Department in the condition of intervening with timely alerts and when possible with preventive measures like evacuating the areas at risk.