Monitoring activities

dettaglio di uno strumento per monitorare gli spostamenti della concordia

Monitoring activitiees of the vessel’s movements

To ensure safety during search operations for missing persons and during the implementation of plans for fuel recovery and material collection on the ship, it was necessary to constantly monitor the position and movements of the vessel.

The Department has set up competence centers and other research institutes to establish and coordinate a system of real-time monitoring for Early Warning. The data verifies the conditions for safe operation and evaluates the movements of the ship. The data and evaluations are shared with the Technical Committee.

It was decided to differentiate the monitoring technologies in order to increase the reliability of the control and navigation data. The monitoring system is in fact made up of six independent monitoring techniques and networks - eg. interferometer radar, robotic total station, etc.. - Which measure the movements of the entire hull, in real time and high precision. Most of the systems transmit their data remotely by radio or via Internet.

Dst-UniFi - Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence, has set up a three-dimensional laser scanner system granting long ranging surveys from which a digital model of the ship derives. The comparison of digital models creates, the displacement map of the ship.

The Department of Earth Sciences, University of Florence task is also to coordinate the scientific activities and summarize the various monitoring activities of the ship and issue a daily summary bulletin.

Cnr Irpi - Geohazard Monitoring Group of Turin, has installed a Robotic Total Station Leica TM30 it is completely automated and provides remote high-resolution data. The topographical station, every 15 minutes does a series of measurements on a series of 12 prisms installed in collaboration with the Saf -Alpine Caving River Fire Department - group, in significant areas of the ship.
In particular, the data collected on the 12 prisms are able to define the three-dimensional displacements of the emerged part with millimetric accuracy, evaluating relative movements and also components of movement related to external factors. The use of particular devices and instrumental calculation makes ??it possible to minimize the effect of atmospheric factors - wind, rain, humidity variations etc.. - Particularly relevant in this operational context.

Asi - Italian Space Agency. Provides, from the start of the emergency, satellite radar images acquired by high resolution Spotlight Cosmo Sky-Med system, developed by Remote Sensing Europe and the Politecnico of Milan. These data acquisitions are of considerable support for evaluating the movements of the ship and to map any dispersions during the operations of fuel extraction.

Ogs - National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics of Trieste. Uses a technique which relies on pulses’ emission of high frequency acoustic waves which rebound from the seabed and grant a detailed morphology reconstruction of the sea bottom in three dimensions. This system allows to verify the structure and the resistance of the bed where the Costa Concordia vessel rests and, more generally, to draw a detailed mapping of the seabed.

Jrc - Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, has installed a ground Mime-interferometric SAR radar in order to monitor in real-time deformations through the production of radar images. This system is able to operate in any condition of visibility and weather; the installed model is a new generation system capable of determining static or dynamic movement.della Commissione Europea.

Prato/ Ingv Research Foundation,
has set up a micro-seismicity monitoring network.

These systems integrate with a GPS station which was installed in the early hours of the Directorate of Relief and Technical. It is an accelerometer system installed by a company hired by Costa Crociera.
Support activities modeled on sea conditions and modeling of oceanographic was granted by GNOO - National Group of Operational Oceanography INGV in Bologna and Lamma - Laboratory for Environmental Monitoring and Modelling for Sustainable Development Tuscany
Support activities of monitoring activities, both for modeling oceanographic and sea forecasts for operational monitoring and forecasting, have been provided by the Department of Protection, Ispra and functional center of the Tuscany Region and by GNOO - Ingv Bologna, in collaboration with the Coast Guards.

Enviroment monitoring activities

concordia inclinata circondata da panne per proteggere l'ambiente circostante

Among the measures to prevent pollution at sea, the local harbour pollution plan is operational and includes the preparation of a breakdown absorbent booms around the vessel to contain possible fuel spills. In addition to this plan an additional operational plan for active recovery of any pollutant with absorbent booms, containment booms and coastline clearing.

Environmental monitoring has been undertaken by Arpat - Regional Agency for Environmental Protection of the Tuscany Region in collaboration with Ispra - Institute for Environmental Protection and Research – it has prepared an environmental monitoring plan to verify possible fuel leakage of the vessel and all the other possible pollutants present on board. Arpat publishes on its web site daily results of sea water analysis and the results of potential pollutants tracked in water.

Water samples are taken and monitored from five different areas: the bow, stern, port and starboard of the ship and the desalination plant near the island of Giglio. It was elected as "white", ie as a comparison value, the sample was taken a mile away from the coast. The water analysis is part of the prevention and defense of the seas plan. This measure is part of the fuel recovery plan to protect the environment.

In regards to pollution prevention to the ground, coastal municipalities have been made aware on how to adopt and implement a response plan in case of oil spills. The Department of Civil Protection in collaboration with Ispra, Legambiente and local institutions have organized training courses for volunteers and administrators on techniques for cleaning costlines. The courses were carried out in coastal municipalities and on the island of Giglio.