Law 401/2001: great events
With law no. 401 dated 2001 the competence of the State as regards Civil Protection were assigned to the Prime Minister, the newly created Civil Protection Agency was abolished and the Department of Civil Protection was restored, within the offices of the Prime Minister . The jobs of the Prime Minister correspond to those determined by Law 225/92 and by Legislative Decree 112/98.
In order to exercise their own competence the Prime Minister availed of the Department of Civil Protection. Indeed, the Department Head performs a function of operative coordination of all the public and private bodies. Apart from this, the Department promoted – in agreement with the Regions and the local authorities – the performance of drills, information to the people about national scenarios and training as regards civil protection.
As a counterweight to the re-found centrality of the role of the Prime Minister, a joint State – Regions – Local Authorities Committee was established in the Prime Minister’s Office.
One of the important innovations of law 401/2001 was the introduction, within civil protection, of the so-called “great events”. The declaration of “great event”, as for the state of emergency means the use of the ordering power.
A final important change from a legal viewpoint was represented by law 152/2005, which extended the power of ordering also to events abroad, after the declaration of the state of emergency.