Civil protection voluntary work
Component of the National Service as of art. 6 of law no. 225 /1992 that concurs to civil protection activities as a national operating structure, supporting the institutions: prevision, prevention and rescue for civil protection events.
Volunteer - specifically coached and trained and operating with volunteer and free of charge service - belong to autonomous nonprofit organisms, including municipal civil protection groups. The participation of volutary work organizations to the public system is disciplined by the decree of the President of the Republic no. 194 of 2001.
Exposed value (or Exposure)
TThis term indicates the element that has to withstand the event, and may be expressed by the number of humans or by the value of natural and economic resources present and exposed to a certain hazard. The product of the vulnerability multiplied by the exposed value indicates the consequences of an event for man, in terms of human lives and damage to buildings, infrastructures and the production system.
Nominal design life of a building
Indicates how long a building can be used with the purpose for which it was designed. This parameter, provided by the Technical Regulations of buildings, regulates the entity of project seismic actions. For ordinary buildings, nominal design life is ≥ 50 years.
Person involved in the event. Including the injured, unhurt and dead.
The attitude of a certain environmental element – human population, buildings, services, infrastructures, etc. - to withstand the effects of an event, depending on the intensity of the same.
Vulnerability expresses the degree of losses of a given element or a series of elements caused by a phenomenon of a given force. It is expressed on a scale of zero to one, where zero indicates that there is no damage, whereas one corresponds to total destruction.