Compact, rigid, unaltered rock, either an outcrop or the base of less rigid rocks/soils or of loose sediment. A term commonly used by geologists to refer to any diagenised rock/consolidated soil that has not undergone the meteoric processes of alteration and deterioration or pervasive tectonic deformation.
Lithostratigraphic sequence characterised by a shear wave velocity Vs of 800 m/s or more.
Set of guarantees recognised to civil protection as provided for the President of the Republic's decree no. 194 of 8 February 2001.
Workers who are also volunteers have the right of stay away from work for activities authorized by the Civil Protection Department or local authorities of civil protection - that have adopted their own statutory tools as provided for by art. 15 of Dpr 194/200: they have the right to receive their salary during their absence and cannot be fired from their workplace.
The employer is bound to allow the carryng out of the activities and has the right of asking to the Civil Protection or the local relevant authority - where possible -the reimbursement of monies paid to the worker following the preliminary path indicated.
It is the property of organic substances and of some synthetic substances to decompose in nature (thanks to several bacteria). This allows regular maintenance of the planet’s ecological equilibrium.
Fragment measuring over 64 mm, emitted in a solid state and deriving from the vent of the volcanic building (not magmatic).
A document issued daily by the Central or Peripheral Functional Centre, which shows a forecast of expected events, both in terms of weather and in terms of assessing possible consequent effects on the territory.
The forecast is to be understood in a probabilistic way, associated with significant levels of uncertainty and that persists for some types of phenomena, eg. time.
The document is made ??available to the National Civil Protection Service, so that, on the basis of procedures uniquely and individually developed and adopted by the regions, different alert levels get activated, corresponding to appropriate preventive measures and emergency management.
Bulletin of hydrogeological and hydraulic criticality
Bulletin issued by the Central Functional Centre to report the assessment of levels of hydrogeological and hydraulic criticality, expected on average for the following 36 hours from the time of issuance, in the alert areas that comprise the Italian territory.
The document is the evaluation of the possibility, or evolution, to ground effects (landslides and floods) due to meteorological factorsd, based on predefined event scenarios. The prediction is therefore to be understood in a probabilistic way, such as degree of probability of the occurrence of predefined risk scenarios in an area of the order of at least a few tens of kilometers.
Bulletin of national weather vigilance
Bulletin issued by the Central Functional Centre to report significant weather events planned for the 36 hours from the time of issuance, as well as the trend expected for the next day on each of supervisory area where weather is divided into Italian territory.
The document represents the meteorological phenomena relevant for civil protection, the possible impact on the area for geological risk or hydraulic, on traffic situations both on the roads and on the sea, or on the population for those aspects that may be adversely affected by meteorological parameters .
Pyroclastic fragment measuring over 64 mm, emitted in a liquid or semi-liquid state that then solidifies during its flight through the air or as it hits the ground.
Set of interventions that aim to eliminate sources of pollution and pollutants, or reduce the concentrations in the soil, subsoil and groundwater to a level equal to or less than the CSR -threshold concentration of risk.