What is...?

Humanitarian protection

Humanitarian protection follows the non refoulement principle as ratified by the 1951 Convention of Geneve but does not constitute international protection; it regards people with serious health problems or arriving from countries affected by natural catastrophes, and unable to repatriate. Although they do not hold the refugee status, nor have subsidiary protection, it is necessary to take note that a repatriation to the mother country or any third country would mean losing any assistance and commitment guaranteed in Italy. The Territorial Commission, in such cases, acknowledges the state of humanitarian protection.

The residence permit for humanitarian reasons has a one year duration and can be changed into a working residence.
Humanitarian protection holders have a right to work in Italy, access health care and a travel-ticket for foreign people.