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Health risk is always the consequence of other risks or calamities, to the point of being defined as a second degree risk. It emerges every time critical situations - possibly affecting human health - are created. Although difficult to foresee, it can be mitigated by preparing and planning medical assistance in emergencies beforehand, in a quieter period.
In this regard, the Department of Civil Protection has outlined the “General criteria for organizing rescue work in catastrophes” published in 2001, followed by “General criteria for medicines and medical devices to be kept in a first aid post (Pma II liv.)” in 2003, by the “General criteria for psychosocial treatment in catastrophes” in 2006 and "Procedures and forms of medical triage” published in 2007.
Emergencies in Italy and abroad
The organization of health care is one of the most complex aspects in the disaster management because the structures must be able to ensure even from the first hours a rapid response so as to assist as many people as possible.