Organizing health care is one of the most complex aspects in managing disasters because structures have to ensure a rapid response, from the very first hours, to provide assistance to as many people as possible. During emergencies, the Department has the role of coordinating operations, providing support for relief, sending field facilities - Advanced Medical Post - specialized teams of doctors and nurses, medical supplies and basic necessities. First aid is integrated, if necessary, with field facilities and medium-long term health care personnel.

The following are the main health emergency interventions in Italy and abroad, in which the Department took part independently or as part of missions coordinated by the European Civil Protection Mechanism.